Here’s a look at the life of Prince Philip of Great Britain, husband of Queen Elizabeth II.
Birthday: June 10, 1921
Day of death: April 09, 2021
Place of birth: Corfu, Greece
Birth name: Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark
Father: Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
Mom: Princess Alice of Battenberg
Marriage: Queen Elizabeth II (November 20, 1947-April 09, 2021, her death)
Children: Edward, Earl of Wessex (March 10, 1964); Andrew, Duke of York (February 19, 1960); Anne, Princess Royal (September 15, 1950); King Charles III (November 14, 1948)
Military: British Royal Navy, 1939-1953
Full title: HRH The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich, Knight of the Garter, Knight of the Thistle, Order of Merit, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire, Companion of the Order of Australia , Companion of the Queen’s Service Order, Privy Counsellor.
His ancestry is not Greek by blood, but English, Russian, German/Prussian and Danish.
The youngest of five children and the only son.
The third cousin of his wife, the Queen, and like her, she is a great-grandson of Queen Victoria.
His interests are painting, environmental protection, horses, flying and sailing. He wrote books on birds, environment, carriage driving and other subjects.
After earning his RAF wings in 1953, Philip logged more than 5,900 hours in 59 different types of aircraft over the next 44 years.
1922 – The overthrow of his brother, King Constantine I of Greece, caused Prince Andrew, Princess Alice and their five children to leave Greece and settle in Paris.
1930 – After his parents separated in 1930, Philip was sent to England and raised there by his maternal grandmother and uncle.
1940 – Serving as midshipman, his first posting, on HMS Ramillies of the Mediterranean Fleet.
1942 – Becoming a sub-lieutenant in the British Royal Navy.
July 1942 – Promoted to first lieutenant and executive officer aboard HMS Wallace, a destroyer, and participating in the Allied landings in Sicily during World War II.
February 1947 – Became a naturalized British citizen and commoner, using the surname Mountbatten, an English translation of his mother’s maiden name. Before taking the oath of British citizenship, as sixth in line to the Greek throne, he renounced all claims to titles in both Greece and Denmark.
July 10, 1947 – King George VI and Queen Elizabeth announced Elizabeth’s engagement to Philip.
November 19, 1947 – Invested as a Knight of the Order of the Garter and given the titles Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich.
November 20, 1947 – Princess Elizabeth was married at Westminster Abbey. His name changed from Lt. Philip Mountbatten to His Royal Highness Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
1948 – Appointed as a personal aide-de-camp to his father-in-law, King George VI.
1950 – Promoted to lieutenant-commander.
June 1952 – Promoted to commander, but his naval career ended with the death of King George VI, and his wife’s accession to the throne on 6 February.
1953 – Appointed admiral of the fleet, field marshal of the Army and marshal of the Royal Air Force. Is appointed presumptive regent by an act of parliament. In the event of the Queen’s death or incapacity, Philip will rule as regent for Prince Charles.
1956 – The Duke of Edinburgh’s Award was launched, rewarding children for achievements in personal development and community involvement.
1956-1970 – Serves as president of the Royal Yachting Association.
1957 – By order of the Queen, was “granted the style and titular dignity of a Prince of the United Kingdom.” He was invested as a Grand Master and First or Principal Knight of the Order of the British Empire. This decree restores his birth title of prince.
1961-1981 – First president of the World Wildlife Fund – UK.
1964-1986 – President of the International Equestrian Federation.
June 1968 – Awarded the Queen’s Order of the Merit, an honor bestowed upon those, “outstanding achievements in the fields of art, learning, literature and science,” and limited to 24 members.
1975-1980 – Serving as president of the Royal Yachting Association for the second time.
1981-1996 – Serves as president of World Wildlife Fund International.
1996-present – President emeritus of the World Wildlife Fund.
April 9, 2005 – Philip and the Queen were the only senior members of the royal family not to attend Charles and Camilla Parker-Bowles’ civil wedding ceremony. They attend the dedication service.
November 10, 2005 – On her 58th wedding anniversary, she is the longest-serving British consort, having survived King George III’s wife, Queen Charlotte.
October 23, 2006 – British forces in southern Iraq are being reviewed.
May 3-8, 2007 – Philip and the Queen visited the United States for the 400th anniversary of America’s first British settlement at Jamestown in 1607. They attended the Kentucky Derby on May 5 and a state dinner at the White House on May 7.
April 1, 2009 – Along with the Queen, US President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama met at Buckingham Palace.
June 10, 2011 – On her 90th birthday, she is the oldest serving royal consort.
December 23-27, 2011 – Undergoing treatment for a blocked coronary artery at Papworth Hospital.
June 4-9, 2012 – Hospitalized for a bladder infection at King Edward VII Hospital in London. He misses part of the Jubilee celebrations commemorating the Queen’s 60th anniversary on the throne.
August 15-20, 2012 – Treated at Aberdeen Royal Infirmary for a bladder infection.
June 7-17, 2013 – Was a patient at the London Clinic, admitted for abdominal pain, he had exploratory surgery the next day and was released after his recovery.
January 26, 2015 – Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott awarded that country’s highest honour, the Knight of the Order of Australia, to Philip for his lifetime of service throughout the Queen’s reign.
May 4, 2017 – Buckingham Palace has announced that Philip will step down from public life after August 2017.
August 2, 2017 – Attended a Royal Marines parade at Buckingham Palace, making the last of his thousands of public appearances before retiring from public life.
April 3, 2018 – Philip was admitted to a London hospital to undergo planned surgery on his hip.
January 17, 2019 – Involved in a traffic accident when his car collided with another car carrying two women, ages 28 and 45, as well as a nine-month-old baby boy. In a statement the next day, a spokesman said the Duke of Edinburgh had had a “precautionary examination” on doctor’s advice which confirmed Philip had “no injuries of concern”. It was later announced that he would not face any charges in the accident.
February 9, 2019 – Buckingham Palace announced that Philip had surrendered his driving license following his road traffic accident in January that injured a female driver.
December 20, 2019 – Philip was admitted to hospital due to a “pre-existing” condition, according to a statement from Buckingham Palace. He left the hospital on December 24.
April 20, 2020 – Philip made a rare public statement thanking those working across the UK to help tackle the coronavirus pandemic.
February 16, 2021 – Philip was taken to a London hospital after feeling unwell, according to a statement from Buckingham Palace. On March 3, he was undergoing a medical procedure for a heart condition.
March 16, 2021 – Philip has left King Edward VII’s Hospital where he is recovering and returned to Windsor Castle, according to a statement from Buckingham Palace.
April 9, 2021 – Died at age 99.
September 8, 2022 – Queen Elizabeth II died, and Charles ascended the throne.